Categories
Investments glossary

Provident Fund

A provident fund is a compulsory, government-managed retirement savings scheme used in Singapore, India, and other developing countries. In some ways, these funds resemble a hybrid of the 401(k) plans and Social Security used in the United States. read more

Categories
Investments glossary

Value-Added Network (VAN)

A value-added network (VAN) is a private, hosted service that provides companies with a secure way to send and share data with its counterparties. Value-added networks were a common way to facilitate electronic data interchange (EDI) between companies. read more

Categories
Investments glossary

Contractionary Policy

Contractionary policy is a monetary measure referring either to a reduction in government spending—particularly deficit spending—or a reduction in the rate of monetary expansion by a central bank. It is a type of macroeconomic tool designed to read more

Categories
Investments glossary

Payment

Payment is the transfer of one form of goods, services, or financial assets in exchange for another form of goods, services, or financial assets in acceptable proportions that have been previously agreed upon by all parties involved. Payment can be read more

Categories
Investments glossary

Neural Network

A neural network is a series of algorithms that endeavors to recognize underlying relationships in a set of data through a process that mimics the way the human brain operates. In this sense, neural networks refer to systems of neurons, either organic read more

Categories
Investments glossary

Dividend Payout Ratio

The dividend payout ratio is the ratio of the total amount of dividends paid out to shareholders relative to the net income of the company. It is the percentage of earnings paid to shareholders in dividends. The amount that is not paid to shareholders read more

Categories
Investments glossary

Job Lot

A job lot is a futures contract with a commodities trading volume smaller than the levels required in regular contracts. These contracts, or lots, exist to add liquidity to futures exchanges by allowing smaller participants to enter the marketplace. read more

Categories
Investments glossary

Limited Liability Company (LLC)

A limited liability company (LLC) is a business structure in the United States whereby the owners are not personally liable for the company’s debts or liabilities. Limited liability companies are hybrid entities that combine the characteristics read more

Categories
Investments glossary

Lock-Up Agreement

A lock-up agreement is a contractual provision preventing insiders of a company from selling their shares for a specified period of time. They are commonly used as part of the initial public offering (IPO) process.

Categories
Investments glossary

GAFAM Stocks

GAFAM is an acronym for the five most popular U.S. tech stocks: Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon and Microsoft. The term came into existence on the lines of the FAANG stocks acronym which collectively indicates top U.S. technology stocks namely read more