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Investments glossary

Poverty Trap

A poverty trap is a mechanism that makes it very difficult for people to escape poverty. A poverty trap is created when an economic system requires a significant amount of capital in order to earn enough to escape poverty. When individuals lack this read more

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Investments glossary

Over-Limit Fee

An over-limit fee is a penalty charged by a credit card company if a credit card user exceeds the card’s credit limit. Over-limit fees are typically $25 for the first over-limit charge and $35 if you go over the limit a second time within the next read more

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Investments glossary

Homogeneous Expectations

Homogeneous expectations is an assumption, expressed in Harry Markowitz’s Modern Portfolio Theory (MPT), that all investors have the same expectations and make the same choices in a given situation.

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Investments glossary

Overnight Rate

The overnight rate is the interest rate at which a depository institution (generally banks) lends or borrows funds with another depository institution in the overnight market. In many countries, the overnight rate is the interest rate the central read more

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Investments glossary

Uniform Consumer Credit Code (UCCC)

The Uniform Consumer Credit Code (UCCC) is a code of conduct that governs consumer credit transactions. It provides guidelines for laws related to the purchase and use of all types of credit products from mortgages to credit cards. It is intended to read more

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Investments glossary

Overhang

Overhang is a measure of the potential dilution to which common shareholders are exposed due to possible awards of stock-based compensation. It is usually represented as a percentage and is calculated as stock options granted, plus the remaining options read more

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Investments glossary

Loan Stock

Loan stock refers to shares of common or preferred stock that are used as collateral to secure a loan from another party. The loan earns a fixed interest rate, much like a standard loan, and can be secured or unsecured. A secured loan stock may also read more

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Investments glossary

Unrestricted Net Assets

Unrestricted net assets are donations to nonprofit organizations that have no strings attached. That is, the assets may be used by the organization for general expenses or any legitimate expenditure.

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Investments glossary

HIPAA Waiver of Authorization

A legal document that allows an individual’s health information to be used or disclosed to a third party. The waiver is part of a series of patient-privacy measures set forth in the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of read more

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Investments glossary

Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)

The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is the first and largest securities market in India and was established in 1875 as the Native Share and Stock Brokers’ Association. Based in Mumbai, India, the BSE lists close to 6,000 companies and is one of the read more