Everyone got caught up in the debate of deflation, Greece and the Ukraine crisis and so expectations were quite low, it now seems the deflation story is a positive one for the euro zone since cheaper oil means consumers spend less on energy and have more money in their purse.
— Christian Schulz
Contractionary policy is a monetary measure referring either to a reduction in government spending—particularly deficit spending—or a reduction in the rate of monetary expansion by a central bank. It is a type of macroeconomic tool designed to combat rising inflation or other economic distortions created by central banks or government interventions. Contractionary policy is the polar opposite of expansionary policy.